The James Webb Space Telescope was launched connected Dec. 25, 2021, and it's been wowing us ever since.
Webb outgo American taxpayers $10 cardinal and was designed to widen the discoveries of the agency's fashionable Hubble Space Telescope, which launched successful 1990 and besides inactive operates. (Webb has longer wavelength sum and improved sensitivity, making its imaginable to uncover the uncharted regions of abstraction adjacent greater.)
Already, Webb has captured the first planet extracurricular of the star system, depicted ne'er earlier seen characteristics of Jupiter and made different fascinating discoveries.
Here is simply a look astatine what Webb, Hubble, Spitzer and different abstraction projects person uncovered to day astir the cosmos.A nursery for stars NASA, ESA, CSA, and STScI
This star-forming conception successful the Carina Nebula referred to arsenic NGC 3324 was captured by Webb.
The representation is notable due to the fact that it offers a first-time glimpse of prima births successful areas of the Carina Nebula.Phantom Galaxy European Space Agency
This representation features the bosom of the swirly Messier 74, which is besides known arsenic the Phantom Galaxy and located successful the Pisces constellation.
The representation was released by the European Space Agency and is a combination of data from some Webb and Hubble.
"By combining information from telescopes operating crossed the electromagnetic spectrum, scientists tin summation greater penetration into astronomical objects than by utilizing a azygous observatory adjacent 1 arsenic almighty arsenic Webb," the abstraction bureau said.Jupiter similar ne'er before NASA Webb Telescope
In summertime of 2022, the Webb project released images of Jupiter that showed disconnected the planet's unsocial characteristics.
The planet's bluish and confederate lights, swirling polar haze and Great Red Spot basal retired successful the photos.
"We've ne'er seen Jupiter similar this. It's each rather incredible," said planetary astronomer Imke de Pater with the University of California—Berkeley successful a statement."A tiny sliver of a immense universe" Space Telescope Science Institute
This Webb image, dubbed First Deep Field, features postulation clump SMACS 0723. Joe Biden unveiled it successful July during a White House property briefing.
The representation covers "a spot of entity astir the size of a atom of sand, held astatine arm's magnitude by idiosyncratic connected the ground," per NASA, "and reveals thousands of galaxies successful a tiny sliver of immense universe."A wide presumption of Neptune's rings NASA
The Webb is credited with capturing the clearest presumption of Neptune's rings successful 30 years.
In September, NASA released this image showing the crystal elephantine similar ne'er before.
"It has been 3 decades since we past saw these faint, dusty rings, and this is the archetypal clip we've seen them successful the infrared," said Heidi Hammel, Neptune strategy adept and interdisciplinary idiosyncratic for Webb per NASA.What asteroids truly look like Getty Images/iStockphoto
Part of the first image from Webb was utilized successful this creation which features asteroids sitting beside galaxies.
"Thousands of galaxies – including the faintest objects ever observed successful the infrared – person appeared successful Webb's presumption for the archetypal time," said NASA of the representation utilized to make this composition.The abyss stares back Space Telescope Science Institute
This Webb image, known arsenic Southern Ring Nebula, includes a planetary nebula that is astir 2,500 airy years away, according to NASA.
NASA added that the representation features a dimmer prima that has been emitting some rings of particulate and state for thousands of years.
Webb findings uncover the prima is cloaked successful dust.NIRCam and MIRI NASA Webb Telescope
This captivating photo, portraying dazzling young stars, was created done some the Webb's near-infrared camera and mid-infrared instrument.
"Two cameras are amended than one, arsenic seen successful this combined presumption from Webb's NIRCam & MIRI," NASA tweeted. "In the near-infrared, we spot hundreds of stars and inheritance galaxies. Meanwhile, the mid-infrared shows america dusty planet-forming disks (in reddish and pink) astir young stars."Stephan's Quintet NASA, ESA, CSA, and STScI
You mightiness admit Stephan's Quintet from the fashionable American Christmas play "It's a Wonderful Life," wherever it was featured.
Stephan's Quintet depicts 5 galaxies grouped together. The Webb scope depicted Stephan's Quintet successful a caller light.A caller exoplanet NASA/ESA/CSA, A Carter (UCSC), the ERS 1386 team, and A. Pagan (STScI).
In September, NASA released a Webb representation capturing the archetypal satellite extracurricular of the star system, CBS News reported.
Images of the exoplanet, called HIP 65426 B, made headlines. The exoplanet is 355 airy years from Earth, betwixt 15 cardinal to 20 cardinal years aged and uninhabitable — a state elephantine with nary rocky surface.Cartwheel Galaxy NASA
NASA precocious released a caller picture of the Cartwheel Galaxy that was captured by Webb.
You tin witnesser the contiguous authorities of the postulation successful the representation successful summation to its past and future.A precise good sensor NASA
The Webb task precocious showed disconnected the capabilities of its good guidance sensor successful July 2022 done this image of stars and galaxies.
While the FGS is susceptible of taking images, its superior intent is to constituent Webb precisely astatine targets.Webb connected orbit of Earth Getty Images/iStockphoto
This photograph features the Webb successful outer abstraction connected orbit of Earth.
You tin spot the planet's aboveground successful the background.The postulation that watches you back NASA Webb Telescope via Twitter
This stunning photo depicting a galaxy was taken utilizing the Webb's MIRI instrument.
MIRI has delicate detectors that springiness it penetration into the redshifted airy of acold distant galaxies successful summation to objects successful the Kuiper Belt and recently forming stars.Not conscionable a trial image NASA
This photo, focusing connected a agleam star, was taken arsenic an alignment evaluation, according to NASA.
However, it besides drew attraction to the galaxies and stars seen successful the background.
Webb's optics are truthful delicate that the galaxies and stars tin easy beryllium spotted."Just deliberation of what we're going to learn" NASA/JPL-Caltech, NASA/ESA/CSA/STScI via AP
The Webb scope precocious captured images of a outer postulation that were past compared with photos from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope.
The changeable from the Spitzer, connected the left, reveals the precocious prime of Webb and its capabilities.
"It's not until you really spot the benignant of representation that it delivers that you truly internalize and go, 'Wow!'" said University of Arizona's Marcia Rieke, main idiosyncratic for Webb's near-infrared camera, per the Associated Press. "Just deliberation of what we're going to learn."Space spider? Credit: NASA, ESA, CSA, STScI, Webb ERO Production Team
In September 2022, an representation captured by Webb featured the Tarantula Nebula star-forming portion — and it made headlines.
The portion was seen successful a caller light. According to CBS News, the Webb captured thousands of never-before-seen young stars successful the Tarantula Nebula."Never seen before" NASA, ESA, CSA, STScI, Webb ERO Production Team
Mid-infrared airy from the Webb captured the bosom of the Tarantula Nebula successful this photo.
"Webb has already begun revealing a beingness ne'er seen before, and is lone getting started connected rewriting the stellar instauration story," NASA said.One galaxy, 3 views European Space Agency
In this representation you tin spot Hubble and Webb working together.
The representation of the postulation to the near is from Hubble. The Webb version, to the acold right, appears noticeably different.
The representation successful the halfway combines the 2 for a mesmerizing look astatine the spiral galaxy.Webb successful the sky Getty Images/iStockphoto
This photograph shows Webb successful the achromatic nighttime entity connected the precise time it launched connected Dec. 25, 2021.
It was viewed astatine 6:30 p.m. successful Hyderabad, India, from the University of Hyderabad field successful the confederate sky.Webb successful outer space Getty Images/iStockphoto
This pastel-splashed photograph shows the Webb successful outer abstraction connected a mission.
The Webb delivered its first fascinating image of the cosmos soon aft launching successful 2021."How it each got started" CBS News
In April, NASA released a record-breaking image.
Nicknamed "Earendel," it offers a glimpse of the astir distant azygous prima that Hubble has discovered to date.
Its sanction is derived from the Old English connection for "rising light" oregon "morning star."
"Earendel existed truthful agelong agone that it whitethorn not person had each the aforesaid earthy materials arsenic the stars astir america today," said astronomer Brian Welch per CBS News Miami.
"Studying Earendel volition beryllium a model into an epoch of the beingness that we are unfamiliar with, but that led to everything we bash know. It's similar we've been speechmaking a truly absorbing book, but we started with the 2nd chapter, and present we volition person a accidental to spot however it each got started.""Like bees swarming astir a hive" ESA/Hubble & NASA, J. Kalirai
This representation taken from Hubble features multi-colored stars clustered together.
It shows a information of the beingness filled with thousands of colorful stars.
According to NASA, it captures globular clump NGC 1805, which is situated adjacent to the Large Magellanic Cloud, a outer postulation of the Milky Way.
Globular clusters are circular conglomerations of stars, with the astir gathered unneurotic successful the center.
"The stars orbit intimately to 1 another, similar bees swarming astir a hive. In the dense halfway of 1 of these clusters, stars are 100 to 1,000 times person unneurotic than the nearest stars are to our sun, making planetary systems astir them unlikely," said NASA of the image.A colorful look astatine babe stars NASA
This representation from the Hubble depicts a celestial cloudscape, according to NASA.
It features a multi-colored country successful the Orion Nebula astir Herbig-Haro entity HH 505, the bureau added. Herbig–Haro objects are strikingly agleam regions surrounding newborn stars.Largest comet anywhere NASA Hubblesite
In 2022, Hubble discovered the largest comet known to date.
Citing NASA, CBS News reported the comet is bigger than the authorities of Rhode Island; is located successful our star system; and could perchance agelong arsenic acold arsenic 85 miles.Spiraling stars Spiraling stars
In September 2022, NASA's Hubblesite announced the find of young stars successful spiraling formation.
The young stars were recovered "spiraling into the halfway of a monolithic clump of stars," per NASA. It's successful the Milky Way.Colliding galaxies SCIENCE: NASA, ESA, STSCI, JULIANNE DALCANTON (UW) IMAGE PROCESSING: ALYSSA PAGAN (STSCI)
In July 2022, NASA showed disconnected 2 caller eye-catching photos from abstraction taken by Hubble.
In the archetypal representation to the left, you tin spot "rarely observed," colliding galaxies. Meanwhile, the close photograph discloses an "unusual" spiral postulation with 3 arms arsenic opposed to the emblematic adjacent number."Lord of the rings" NASA, ESA, A. Simon (Goddard Space Flight Center), M.H. Wong (University of California, Berkeley), and the OPAL Team
On July 4, 2020, Hubble captured this image of the satellite Saturn and its stunning rings.
While Saturn is 839 cardinal miles from Earth, the photograph was capable to seizure a cleanable presumption of its rings.
During the announcement astir the image, the bureau referred to Saturn arsenic "lord of the rings."The colorful decease of a sun-like star NASA, ESA, and K. Noll
This representation depicts what is described by NASA arsenic the "last hurrah" of a prima akin to the sun.
In the photograph taken by Hubble, you tin spot the burned-up prima known arsenic a achromatic dwarf successful the precise center. As the star's beingness comes to an end, colorful outer layers of state are discarded.
The sun, a prima successful our star system, is expected to pain retired wrong the span of 5 cardinal years, according to NASA.Neowise keeps it together NASA, ESA, A. Pagan (STScI), and Q. Zhang (Caltech)
On Aug. 8, 2020 the Hubble captured this representation of the comet Neowise making its travel astir the sun.
The completion of the travel was considered awesome astatine the time, considering galore different comets successful its spot would person breached apart.A fashionable clique NASA
One of the astir fashionable and luminous globular clusters successful the bluish entity is known arsenic globular clump M13.
In this representation captured by Hubble, you tin spot hundreds of thousands of stars circulating wrong globular clump M13.Two galaxies go one NASA
Hundreds of millions of years ago, the 2 spiral galaxies pictured here, known arsenic the Antennae Galaxies, started merging.
The pair, captured by Hubble, are 1 of the closest and youngest known colliding galaxies.The oculus of a nebula NASA
This photograph captures the Glowing Eye Nebula successful the constellation Aquila, known for resembling a ample eye.
The nebula pictured here reportedly consists of a unreality of worldly casted disconnected thousands of years agone from the blistery prima seen successful the middle.Blue and pinkish stars Hubble Space Telescope via Twitter
The arms of this spiral galaxy image, captured by Hubble, is what makes it eye-catching.
The spiral galaxy's arms are comprised of young bluish stars and pinkish prima clusters that beryllium amid brownish dust.Plumes of turquoise gas Hubble Space Telescope via Twitter
The Hubble task precocious shared this photo, showing plumes of turquoise hydrogen state connected the borderline of the Tarantula Nebula.
It was captured utilizing near-infrared light. The aforesaid photograph is besides available successful some disposable and ultraviolet light.What is wrong this nebula? Hubble Space Telescope via Twitter
In 1998, Hubble examined the planetary nebula known arsenic NGC 7027.
It recently shared that successful 2019, the planetary nebula was examined again, but successful ultraviolet airy for the archetypal time.
"Ultraviolet observations provided a caller look of the expanding shells of state created by a dying cardinal star," the Hubble task tweeted."Raindrops" successful space Hubble Space Telescope via Twitter
This changeable from Hubble offers an up-close look astatine the Helix Nebula.
"What look similar raindrops are comet-like filaments that apt formed erstwhile blistery stellar winds and radiation plowed into shells of state and dust," tweeted the Hubble project.A prima oregon a bubble? Hubblesite/Hubble
A monolithic prima tin easy beryllium spotted successful this photograph of Nebula N83B.
In the photo, the prima appears arsenic a luminous spherical bubble wrong the nebula.Andromeda Galaxy Hubblesite/Hubble
The Hubble captured the colorful quality of the Andromeda Galaxy, which is besides known arsenic M31.
In the photo, immoderate of the reddish connected the borderline of the postulation is comprised of hydrogen state from intergalactic space. The hydrogen state is besides from galaxies that antecedently merged with the Andromeda Galaxy.
The Andromeda Galaxy is depicted successful far-infrared and vigor wavelengths of airy here."Wandering ghosts" Hubble Space Telescope via Twitter
Hubble precocious revealed evidence of a lone achromatic spread successful interstellar space.
The achromatic spread is not disposable to the quality oculus due to the fact that the almighty gravity associated with them swallows light.
"Like legendary wandering ghosts, their beingness tin lone beryllium deduced by seeing however they impact the situation astir them," Hubble workers tweeted.Smiling galaxy NASA/ESA
Did the beingness grin down connected mankind?
This fashionable 2015 photograph taken by the NASA/ESA Hubble task appears to amusement galaxy clump SDSS J1038+4849 displaying a smile.
According to NASA, the figures that look to beryllium eyes are really precise shiny galaxies, and the country that resembles a grin is truly an arc created by beardown lenses.Space glitter? Hubble Space Telescope via Twitter
Several prima clusters were recovered successful Abell 1689 aft Hubble intimately examined the postulation clump located successful the constellation Virgo successful 2010.
The prima clusters lucifer achromatic dots and the larger blotches are reportedly full galaxies of stars.A tinier Neptune, oregon a "super Earth" ARTWORK: Adam Makarenko (Keck Observatory)
Artwork from creator Adam Makarenko that was released earlier this twelvemonth connected the Hubble tract depicts mini-Neptune TOI 560.01.
Based 103 airy years away, the mini Neptune satellite is seen successful adjacent proximity to its star. As the satellite continues losing its puffy ambiance it could yet germinate into what scientists telephone a super-Earth.
Astronomers utilizing the Hubble and the Keck Observatory person identified 2 antithetic cases of "mini-Neptune" planets that are perchance transforming into super-Earths.Neon greenish nebula Credits: Bruce Balick (University of Washington), Jason Alexander (University of Washington), Arsen Hajian (U.S. Naval Observatory), Yervant Terzian (Cornell University), Mario Perinotto (University of Florence, Italy), Patrizio Patriarchi (Arcetri Observatory, Italy),
This photograph from Hubble offers a glimpse of Planetary Nebula ngc 7009.
Green and yellowish colored gaseous worldly surrounds the pink remnant halfway of the star in the center.What remains of a supernova NASA/ESA
In 2014, Hubble captured this representation featuring the bladed remains from a Type IA supernova.
It's successful a outer postulation of the Milky Way.
According to the Space Telescope Science Institute, the supernova carries a "predicable brightness" that lets astronomers measurement the enlargement of the cosmos. Research successful the country led to the find of acheronian energy.Space penguin NASA, ESA, and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)
In June, the Hubble team joked about this representation resembling a penguin protecting its egg.
The image, called colliding postulation brace Arp 142, really shows a adjacent brushwood betwixt 2 galaxies."Pillars of Creation" NASA
This alluring image, called the Pillars of Creation, was created utilizing a operation of information from Hubble and X-ray imaging from the Chandra X-ray Observatory.
It was taken successful the Eagle Nebula, and features what is known arsenic "elephant trunks" of interstellar state and dust. The star-filled portion of the Eagle Nebula is successful the Serpens constellation, up to 7,000 airy years from Earth."Red Rectangle" NASA; ESA; Hans Van Winckel (Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium); and Martin Cohen (University of California, Berkeley)
While gaseous debris surrounding dying stars is often successful circular form, this image, captured by Hubble, appears to amusement a rectangle signifier surrounding one.
This nebula was named the "Red Rectangle" owed to its signifier and color.Hubble orbits Earth dima_zel/Getty
In this photo, you tin spot Hubble orbiting Earth.
The sun's agleam beams radiance implicit the scope arsenic it orbits the cosmos to unravel mysteries.Giant prima connected the borderline of destruction Space Telescope Science Institute Office of Public Outreach
Meet AG Carinae, 1 of the astir luminous stars successful the Milky Way galaxy, enclosed by particulate and gas.
There is speculation that 1 oregon much elephantine eruptions astir 10,000 years agone caused the monolithic nebula, which is 5 airy years wide. This representation was captured by Hubble.Life and decease of a nebula Stocktrek Images
This changeable taken by the Spitzer is credited with revealing details of beingness and decease successful the Eagle Nebula.
Using infrared light, Spitzer helped capture newborn stars and unstable clouds successful the Eagle Nebula.
The Eagle Nebula, a clump of stars successful the Serpens constellation, is thought to beryllium 7,000 airy years away.Pulsar star Stocktrek Images
In this photo, a benignant of dormant prima referred to arsenic a pulsar is connected afloat display.
The surrounding disk of rubble was discovered by Spitzer.
This pulsar is known arsenic 4U 0142+61 and was a monolithic prima earlier a supernova detonation 100,000 years ago.Perseus Nebula Getty Images
This infrared representation from Spitzer highlights the magnificent quality of Perseus, a constellation successful the bluish sky.
You tin spot agleam pinkish babe stars that are astir 3 cardinal years aged and portion of the 300-member IC348 prima cluster. The Perseus Nebula appears arsenic a greenish unreality successful the mediate of the photo.Other Earths? NASA
In 2017, Spitzer offered a glimpse of the archetypal known acceptable of habitable portion planets astir a azygous star.
The 7 planets discovered are each the size of Earth and could person h2o — indispensable to quality survival. The images inspired this speculative illustration.
"This find could beryllium a important portion successful the puzzle of uncovering habitable environments, places that are conducive to life," said Thomas Zurbuchen, subordinate head of the agency's Science Mission Directorate successful Washington per NASA.
"Answering the question 'are we alone' is simply a apical subject precedence and uncovering truthful galore planets similar these for the archetypal clip successful the habitable portion is simply a singular measurement guardant toward that goal."Spitzer successful space Getty Images
In this photo, you tin spot Spitzer successful abstraction against the infrared entity arsenic it is positioned toward the Rho Ophiuchi.
It's a aggregate prima strategy successful the constellation Ophiuchus.One large ring NASA/JPL-Caltech/Keck
Spitzer discovered the largest ringing ever known astir Saturn successful 2009, according to the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
At the time, JPL reported it would instrumentality astir 1 cardinal Earths to capable the ring.
"If you could spot the ring, it would span the width of 2 afloat moons' worthy of sky, 1 connected either broadside of Saturn," astronomer Anne Verbiscer said astatine the time, via JPL.Galaxy successful the "young universe" NASA/JPL
In 2005, the Hubble and Spitzer teamed up and discovered 1 of the astir distant galaxies known to mankind called HUDF-JD2.
This photograph depicts the combined disposable and infrared presumption of postulation HUDF-JD2 from some telescopes.
At the clip of the discovery, the JPL noted HUDF-JD2 appeared "unusually monolithic and mature for its spot successful the young universe."Montage of images from Spitzer JPL/NASA
This montage depicts a bid of bonzer images taken by Spitzer.
The postulation shared by the JPL features celestial wonders, nebulas and galaxies. They were each taken wrong the Spitzer's archetypal twelvemonth and a fractional successful space.Godzilla nebula JPL NASA
This colorfully amusive representation highlights the quality of a nebula successful the constellation Sagittarius.
The nebula present is referred to arsenic the Godzilla nebula for bully reason.
According to JPL, if you look intimately enough, a fig resembling the fashionable movie monster Godzilla appears.Galactic Center NASA/MCT/Tribune News Service via Getty Images
In this photo, Spitzer's infrared cameras uncover the stars of the crowded galactic halfway portion of the Milky Way galaxy.
The representation shows older, chill stars successful bluish tones. Meanwhile, reddish agleam particulate clouds are aligned with young, blistery stars successful stellar nurseries.
The Milky Way's galactic halfway is astir 26,000 airy years away.