The caput of Turkey’s apical defence bureau the Presidency of Defense Industries, Ismail Demir, has warned that the state volition see acquiring Su-35S combatant jets from Russia if the United States refuses to proviso it with modern F-16s. “If determination volition beryllium nary F-16s … We’ll accidental that Turkey is not without alternatives. All alternatives, including the Su-35, travel to the table,” helium stated connected September 24. Efforts to get caller F-16s person faced considerable opposition successful Washington, with relations having been successful diminution since a failed subject coup effort successful Ankara successful 2016 was wide blamed connected Washington. Turkey and Russia person held talks for a Su-35 acquisition from 2018, which reportedly entered their last stages successful October 2019 though these were wide interpreted arsenic an effort by Ankara to spot unit connected Western suppliers alternatively than a motion of genuine involvement successful the aircraft.
The Su-35 is simply a heavyweight duplicate motor combatant with acold higher beingness and operational costs than the F-16, and has a wider scope of important advantages successful astir each parameters of show from its endurance and manoeuvrability to its sensors and engagement range. Its overwhelmingly superior formation show was demonstrated successful Turkey itself successful September 2019 leaving audiences throughly unimpressed with the contrasting show of the F-16. The combatant is adjacent to doubly the size of the F-16, but is not compatible with NATO weaponry and cannot beryllium arsenic easy integrated into the Turkish Air Force arsenic caller F-16s could. Turkish licence accumulation of older F-16 variants has meant that spare parts and attraction infrastructure for the people are abundant, and tin beryllium locally sourced, portion its acquisition operating the people is sizeable contempt overmuch of the aerial unit serviceman corps having been jailed successful 2016. A further downside of Su-35 acquisitions is that they could perchance exposure Turkey to caller rounds of economical warfare efforts from the United States, which by home instrumentality is bound to authorisation each large clients for Russian armaments.
Although the Turkish Air Force is by acold the largest overseas relation of the F-16 with adjacent to 250 successful service, its fleet has grown mostly obsolete and relies connected ageing munition classes from the 1990s and mechanically scanned radars prone to jamming. The caller F-16 Block 70/72 variant it is seeing to replace its ageing Vietnam War epoch F-4 Phantoms benefits from integration of an AESA radar, authorities of the creation physics warfare capabilities and entree to modern munitions including, if Washington agrees to the sale, AIM-120D aerial to aerial missiles. MiG-29SMT and Rafale fighters precocious acquired by Syria and Greece respectively some person electronically scanned array radars and much susceptible aerial to aerial missiles than the AIM-120B Turkish F-16 units currently trust on. Despite improvements to newer variants, the F-16 airframe has nevertheless been wide derided arsenic progressively obsolete with the U.S. Air Force having ceased acquisitions successful 2005 and galore large operators specified arsenic Singapore, Egypt, Israel and the U.S. itself opening to signifier the people retired of service.
Turkish involvement successful modernised F-16s comes aft the state was evicted from the program to make a 5th procreation successor, the F-35, leaving its combatant fleet without a wide way to modernisation. Interest successful much F-16s astatine a clip erstwhile the people is seeing caller income chiefly successful clients with little developed economies and debased defence budgets, and successful 1 lawsuit to a non-state actor, reflects a serious downgrading of Turkish ambitions for its fleet arsenic neighbours get higher extremity classes of fighter. Some examples see F-35s being sold to Israel and apt soon to Greece, F-15SA/QA jets going to Saudi Arabia and Qatar, Su-30SMs sold to Armenia, and MiG-29M and perchance Su-35 fighters sold to Egypt.