Learning how to "Stop the Bleed"

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A Texas simple school, a Buffalo supermarket, a Pittsburgh synagogue, a Boulder supermarket, a Florida precocious school, a Texas church, a Las Vegas concert, a Connecticut simple school. These are the locations of immoderate of the deadliest wide shootings successful America successful caller history, and they each person thing successful common: The benignant of limb utilized astatine each horrific country was the AR-15 semiautomatic rifle. 

This week connected 60 Minutes, correspondent Scott Pelley reported connected what the limb does to the quality body, wherefore it's antithetic from the wounds created by a handgun—and wherefore wounded from an AR-15 benignant firearm circular is truthful lethal.

Because handguns coiled and termination much radical than AR-15 benignant rifles, archetypal responders and exigency country doctors are utilized to treating injuries sustained from a handgun shot. As a result, astir exigency rooms haven't had to dainty victims who've been changeable with an AR-15 benignant rifle.

"It is simply a full antithetic benignant of injury," 60 Minutes shaper Ashley Velie told 60 Minutes Overtime successful the video above. "When you're deed with an AR-15 bullet, astir radical dice reasonably rapidly from bleeding out."

To get a position connected however an AR-15 slug differs from a 9-millimeter bullet, the 60 Minutes squad spoke to Don Deyo, a erstwhile paramedic and Green Beret who witnessed wide casualties up adjacent connected the battlefield. He demonstrated the quality successful bullets by shooting rounds into a chopped of pork that's akin successful size to an mean big quality thigh. At archetypal glance, the 2 rounds looked similar, some leaving an introduction coiled that's thing much than a tiny spread successful the flesh.

But flip the pork over, and the quality is stunning. The 9-millimeter exit coiled was small, without overmuch harm to the surrounding area. The AR-15 exit coiled near an enormous, gaping spread and shattered the surrounding bone. Those bony fragments, Deyo explained, go projectiles that make further insubstantial damage.   

On the broadcast, Pelley spoke with Cynthia Bir, a prof of probe country astatine the University of Southern California. Bir besides compared the harm done by the 2 types of bullets successful her ballistics lab, wherever she uses state-of-the-art FBI issued gelatin blocs to correspond quality brushed tissues.

"There's going to beryllium a batch much harm to the tissues, some bones, organs, immoderate gets benignant of adjacent adjacent this slug path," Bir tells Pelley. "The bones aren't going to conscionable break; they're going to shatter. Organs aren't conscionable going to teardrop oregon person bruises connected them … parts of them are going to beryllium destroyed."

Stop the Bleed

After an AR-15 benignant firearm slug blasts a ample cavity done brushed tissue, humor unit past pumps that cavity with blood, causing galore victims of AR-15 shots to bleed retired earlier rescue workers tin scope them.

As a result, immoderate doctors are present pushing for mundane radical to larn however to halt that bleeding earlier archetypal responders arrive. Following the shooting astatine Sandy Hook Elementary School, wherever 20 first-graders and six educators were killed with AR-15 rounds, a run called "Stop the Bleed" began nationwide. The question is an effort to bid civilians however to beryllium a benignant of archetypal responder successful life-threatening scenarios, specified arsenic wide shootings.  

In Florida, erstwhile Broward County Medical Director Dr. Peter Antevy held "Stop the Bleed" classes. He taught basal techniques of bleeding control, including applying a tourniquet, packing a coiled with gauze, and holding unit implicit a wound. When his lad was 12 years old, Antevy adjacent gave him a bleeding kit—a bundle that includes items similar tourniquets, gauze, and a thorax seal—and taught him however to usage it.

"We person to person the wide nationalist recognize that they are the archetypal enactment of defense," Antevy said successful 2018. "And each city, each assemblage successful this state needs to rotation retired those bleeding kits, oregon these progressive slayer kits… And each kid has to larn however to bash it."

The "Stop the Bleed" run is an inaugural of the American College of Surgeons and has trained implicit 1.9 cardinal radical worldwide. You tin larn much astir it and acquisition a bleeding power kit at BleedingControl.org

To ticker however to usage a Stop the Bleed kit, click here. 

To ticker Scott Pelley's study astir high-velocity rounds from AR-15 benignant rifles, click here.

The video supra was primitively published connected November 4, 2018 and was produced by Ann Silvio and Lisa Orlando. It was edited by Lisa Orlando. 

In: Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting Florida AR-15 rifle